Evolutionary psychology is a scientific discipline that approaches human behavior through a lens that incorporates the effects of evolution. It combines the science of psychology with the study of biology. Evolutionary psychologists seek to explain people’s emotions, thoughts, and responses based on Charles Darwin’s Theory of Evolution Through Natural Selection, similarly to how evolutionary biologists explain an organism’s physical features. Proponents of this psychological approach posit that as our ancestors confronted problems and developed ways of solving them, some had certain innate instincts and intelligence that gave them the ability to figure out and apply the most successful solutions. In doing so, they gained advantages, such as better health or a longer lifespan, allowing them to produce more offspring through the process of natural selection. According to evolutionary psychology, our ancestors who had psychological advantages passed down these behavioral traits to future generations, resulting in a population of offspring that then had these adaptive behaviors. Psychological abilities, such as reading others’ intentions, making friends, and gaining trust, are known to help a person throughout life. Evolutionary psychologists believe that these skills are rooted in deeply complex neural circuits in the brain and that they are inherited. These innate behavioral tendencies are often tempered by input from our culture, family, and individual factors, but the principle of evolutionary psychology is that the underlying neural mechanisms are shaped by evolutionary forces.
The dating mind: evolutionary psychology and the emerging science of human courtship.
Current theories of evolution portray men as active individuals who forge their way forward through a mix of testosterone-fuelled competition, rivalry, and aggression. But what role is left for women within such evolutionary thinking? The role women get is that of the passive, weak individual left to ride on the coattails of their male suitors; the default, no testosterone sex interested in just selecting the best male to expand the gene pool.
Is it any wonder that feminists are dismissive of such evolutionary approaches? That many have sought to ignore the contribution that evolutionary theor
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Human population geneticists can tell us about patterns of human migration, they can tell us how we are related to other species e. They can tell us the diseases that have afflicted our ancestors; which ancient versions of those diseases are found in some contemporary populations, and much, much more. Their work is a bio-detective synthesis of human phylogeny. A window into evolutionary processes. This work is inference-making and extrapolating.
It too is supposed to be a window into evolutionary processes. In both of these domains, researchers aim to understand the forces that shape us, contemporary humans, and those that shaped our ancient ancestors. To my mind, evolutionary psychologists have not shown that there are specific psychological programs that are written in our bio-historical document. The human mind was fashioned by evolutionary forces in ways that allowed our ancestors to be successful.
We know that they did achieve success because we are the beneficiaries of their having succeeded. It is success gained through the business of living: they avoided becoming food for others, they procured sufficient food for themselves, they reproduced and they cared for their young. Such feats were made possible because they adapted to environmental contingencies. Outrunning prey and caring for kin were responses to particular events on the ground that were filtered through their psychology.
The view from evolutionary psychology is that such psychological programs did not just aid our ancestors and then disappear.
Evolutionary Theories in Psychology
Enter your mobile number or email address below and we’ll send you a link to download the free Kindle App. Then you can start reading Kindle books on your smartphone, tablet, or computer – no Kindle device required. To get the free app, enter your mobile phone number. Certain traits are attractive because they indicate the overall fitness of a potential mate.
Miller maintains that both human sexes have evolved many significant ways of displaying fitness via expressions of creative intelligence such as storytelling, poetry, art, music, sports, dance, humor, kindness, and leadership. In support of this provocative thesis, he has gathered evidence from psychology, economics, history, pop culture, and Darwin’s theory of sexual selection to present an utterly original synthesis of research.
“Whitehouse, Harvey (ed.). The debated mind: evolutionary psychology versus ethnography.” Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute, vol. 9, no. 3, , p.
Evolutionary mismatch concepts are being fruitfully employed in a number of research domains, including medicine, health, and human cognition and behavior to generate novel hypotheses and better understand existing findings. We contend that research on human mating will benefit from explicitly addressing both the evolutionary mismatch of the people we study and the evolutionary mismatch of people conducting the research. We identified nine mismatch characteristics important to the study of human mating and reviewed the literature related to each of these characteristics.
Many of the people we study are: exposed to social media, in temporary relationships, relocatable, autonomous in their mating decisions, nulliparous, in groups that are socially segmented, in an educational setting, confronted with lots of options, and young. We applied mismatch concepts to each characteristic to illustrate the importance of incorporating mismatch into this research area. Our aim in this paper is not to identify all potential mismatch effects in mating research, nor to challenge or disqualify existing data.
Rather, we demonstrate principled ways of thinking about evolutionary mismatch in order to propel progress in mating research. We show how attending to the potential effects of mismatch can help us refine our theoretical and methodological approaches and deepen our understanding of existing patterns in the empirical record.
Psychology: Evolutionary Psychology
No Kindle device required. Download one of the Free Kindle apps to start reading Kindle books on your smartphone, tablet, and computer. To get the free app, enter your mobile phone number. Although researchers have long been aware that the species-typical architecture of the human mind is the product of our evolutionary history, it has only been in the last three decades that advances in such fields as evolutionary biology, cognitive psychology, and paleoanthropology have made the fact of our evolution illuminating.
Converging findings from a variety of disciplines are leading to the emergence of a fundamentally new view of the human mind, and with it a new framework for the behavioral and social sciences.
Evolutionary psychology has the hallmarks of a currently progressive research program capable of providing us with new knowledge of how the mind works.
The MSc in Evolutionary and Comparative Psychology provides advanced research training in a range of intellectual and practical skills associated with evolutionary, comparative and developmental approaches to the study of the mind. Apply now. Information about all programmes from previous years of entry can be found in the archive. The qualifications listed are indicative minimum requirements for entry.
Some academic Schools will ask applicants to achieve significantly higher marks than the minimum. Obtaining the listed entry requirements will not guarantee you a place, as the University considers all aspects of every application including, where applicable, the writing sample, personal statement, and supporting documents. Applicants should apply as early as possible to be eligible for certain scholarships and for international visa purposes. This distinctive programme tackles fundamental issues associated with the origins of animal and human cognition via a wide range of theoretical and methodological approaches.
The modules are taught through lectures, seminars, workshops and tutorials. On average, class sizes range up to 80 students for lectures and 20 students for seminars. The final three months of your course will be dedicated to a 15,word research project dissertation. The modules in this programme have varying methods of delivery and assessment.
The Adapted Mind: Evolutionary Psychology and the Generation of Culture
Two major evolutionary psychological theories are described: Sexual strategies It may seem like just a casual date, but don’t doubt that the forces of evolution are the lens of modern evolutionary theory on the workings of the human mind.
Several themes have emerged from the chapters in this volume. Some tensions exist between researchers seeking to answer questions concerning the adaptive purpose of human and nonhuman behaviors and capacities, and researchers seeking to shed light on the evolutionary forces giving rise to such traits. These tensions may be dissipated if several unnecessary dichotomies are avoided and researchers thereby embraced nonmutually exclusive stances to different methodological and theoretical approaches.
We suggest that, if all researchers with similar goals unite under the single unifying framework of evolutionary theory, many more advances can be made and a more focused field of study will emerge. Keywords: evolutionary framework , dichotomy , unifying , tensions. Psychology has lagged behind the other natural sciences, which operate under a single unifying theoretical framework.
Physicists accept the laws of quantum field theory and Einstein’s theory of relativity without much question. Chemists have universally adopted the basic table of elements and atomic theory. Biologists unequivocally accept evolutionary theory as, rather than a theory, an all-encompassing explanation for the physiological and behavioral adaptations of all life on earth. Psychologists, in contrast, have seen schools of thought come and go in the disciplines relatively short history, without a single theoretical viewpoint dominating for any significant length of time.
Titchener’s structuralism was similarly focused and restrictive, disavowing the study of the mentally ill, human children, and nonhumans. With the rise of functionalism through the inspirational work of William James, Francis Galton, Charles Darwin, and others, psychologists appreciated the utility of more diverse methodology and p. Darwin’s emphasis on mental and physical cross-species continuity also reawakened interest in the study of nonhuman behavior.
Comparative Evolutionary Psychology: A United Discipline for the Study of Evolved Traits
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The Mating Mind. Geoffrey Miller is an evolutionary psychologist at the London School of Economics and at UCLA, where he teaches animal communication and.
This article provides an introduction to evolutionary psychology and its relevance to organizational design theory and practice. Evolutionary psychology assumes that human nature reflect adaptations to an ancestral environment that was intensely social, but differed profoundly from modern organizations in scale and complexity. Further, organizational structures and cultures co-evolved with human nature to deal with the different environmental challenges early humans faced. In this article, I present a concise review of the theoretical foundations of evolutionary psychology and convey how evolutionary psychology hypotheses about organizational design, culture, and leadership in organizations can be developed and tested.
I also provide some directions for future research in this area and discuss implications for designing organizations that are perhaps better aligned with human nature than current structures. Gore and associates is an international manufacturing company with over 10, employees worldwide and an annual revenue of 3.
Less well known is their unique organizational structure and philosophy. When successful units reach the size of about — employees, the unit splits in two equal parts, occupying adjacent buildings. There are no managers or workers at Gore company, every employee is an associate. In choosing a new CEO, the company invites nominations from the associates and the candidate that attracts the most followers gets the job.
All important company decisions are democratic, consensual, and peer-reviewed. Evolutionary psychologists argue that a such structures reflect adaptations to particular environmental challenges that early humans faced and b human nature has been shaped by the challenges of living in these small-scale societies Buss,